In order to understand the development of film noir one has to go even further back and observe the situation in America from the s up to the late fifties. In the thirties the whole country was struggling with depression and the problems widespread unemployment etc. When America entered the battlefields of the Second World War it changed the country and its situation. While most parts of the world were shattered at the end of the war, the USA had managed to leap out of the depression, build a high employment rate and become the undisputed leader of the world without even suffering any sort of destruction in America.
They now played the most decisive role in the world, once again underlining their ambition to be a strong and almost invincible nation. In the late forties and fifties the American economy was in full bloom. It seemed like the citizens wanted to make up for all they had missed out during the depression. Along with the economic boom came the well-known baby boom and also a high increase in marriages.
Families moved out to live in the suburban communities which, in fact, exploded. By all appearances, people had the need to build new larger houses. Hence there was a population increase in metropolitan areas while the number of people living in agrarian areas decreased heavily. Since the surroundings in the suburban lives were and still are very similar, people longed for some rapport, which most people found in religious participation. Thereby religion also became a form of expression for strong patriotism.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower, among others, encouraged the American citizens in their new-found pride and the government liked to make people think that the good times were there to stay Hordnes Post-war life also had consequences on the lives and roles of family and its members.
The hard-working male individual who had always advanced by means of his own creativity and ability had now become a person within a collective cooperation. The women, on the other hand, were led back to their pre-war working routine: the household.
It was seen as a matter of obligation that they would leave their jobs so the veterans could get them back. Most people were content with their lives at that time, but there was a minority of citizens questioning the new situation of wealth.
They became more and more uneasy while seeing the American society become more conformist and more materialistic. That was the point at which two entirely different approaches to life clashed: Idealism and materialism. It was also due to the fact that the states were globally involved in various matters and all these responsibilities were reason enough to scare at least some of the American people. Carrie Anne Moss and Joe Pantoliano are also in this movie. Memento is a perplexed thriller.
Leonard, the main character, is excellently played by Guy Pierce. He is constantly confused, yet still acts in a nonchalant way. He is widely recognized after his first successful feature movie Following ,a noir thriller film. Which was recognized at a number of international film festival.
In the next paragraph im going to discuss why would i consider him as one of the best modern times auteur. However, if we watch carefully, we would find Memento involves the real social cultural background.
Memento was released in when was the beginning to enter the 21st century. There was irreparable damage to his hippocampus. The hippocampus is the part of the brain associated with the formation of new episodic memories. Episodic memories are at type of long-term memory that involved the recalling of specific events and the experiences tied to them Shelby suffers from a lack of short term memory, causing him to relive daily experiences.
Throughout the film, Leonard narrates the events of his wife 's assault and the trauma caused to him by the attackers. Due to his lack of short term memory, Leonard needs to take photos and write down everything that occurs in his life in order to assure himself the memory occurred. The condition only allows him to live the present, but not register it, meaning his lack of short term memory does not allow him to form new memories, which is considered a form of anterograde amnesia due to head trauma In order to suppost this statement, I have chosen two films as examples; Memento written by Christopher Nolan and Jonathan Nolan, Christopher Nolan also being the director.
Weber, directed by Marc Webb, Experimentation with non-linear structure in film dates back to the silent film era, including D Memento is a film shot and written very differently from movies of the same genre. Christopher Nolan also wrote the short story and screenplay.The second sub-plot is small in content but important to the films central theme of vengeance of a loved on. Unlike other forms of cinema, film noir has no elements that it can truly call its own. Frank Avery, a friend of the family, races into the scene and finds the parents already dead In the next paragraph im going to discuss why would i consider him as one of the best modern times auteur. When one is passive while viewing this movie, he or she will end up not seeing significant parts of the story as the film is done in reverse to demonstrate the dilemma of the leading role, Leonard.
Later on, it is implied that Leonard is Sammy, and that his wife survived the attack. This gives the essence of noir film, a psychological thriller. It begins as very small almost non-decipherable cuts of white bathroom walls, or of his wife screaming underneath a plastic shower curtain. Memento is a perplexed thriller. Excerpt out of 28 pages Details Christopher Nolan's Memento - Analysis of the narrative structure of a noirish revenge film College.
This gives the essence of noir film, a psychological thriller. These modern films are referred to as new noiri sh films or Neo-Noirs. The only thing that matters is the moment.
So in the classic film noir the audience is introduced to the dark world of crime, a world full of shadows, rain drenched streets and sleazy bars. The usual string of expensive summer blockbusters were rolled out, with an array of commercial triumphs "The Mummy Returns" and disappointments "Pearl Harbor". One Polaroid is more important than the rest, the photo of Teddy. Thereby religion also became a form of expression for strong patriotism. Later on, it is implied that Leonard is Sammy, and that his wife survived the attack. However, if we watch carefully, we would find Memento involves the real social cultural background.
Most often this type of amnesia is caused by damage to the brain. In the films, the world often seems like a prison, this is often shown through image metaphors like sun blinds. Leonard is constantly taking Polaroids of people, places, and things to help him remember. This pursuit of revenge and justice is extremely difficult for Leonard who has to use aids such as Polaroids, notes, and extensive tattoos to help him keep track of things because he looses his memory about every fifteen minutes. His tattoos are a narrative themselves, and although many things are not exclusively stated, the point still comes across strong through the close-up.
Events throughout the film unfold in a confusing and complicated way. In order for the film to remain comprehensive, Nolan used relational editing. So film noir can be seen as symptomatic of American society and as a reaction to the darker sides of reality of the 40s and 50s. The close-ups with extreme depth of field are often used whenever Leonard is looking at a Polaroid, but they are always used when he is making a note on one. To our surprise, once we get reach the ending of the film, which in reality is the beginning, we see that Leonard has been lying to us the entire time. A one-sided view point is the only way to create a plot.
He suffered this injury while confronting two people who attacked his wife at their home in the middle of the night. It was heartening to film fans that a classic sleeper could still find room in a marketplace filled with bloated extravaganzas nurtured by gray-suited Hollywood greedheads. Christopher Nolan does an excellent job with this genre; the way the film was presented helps this genre so much more. He is giving the sub-plot story of Sammy Jankis to a mysterious cop. Post-war life also had consequences on the lives and roles of family and its members. Frank Avery, a friend of the family, races into the scene and finds the parents already dead
These modern films are referred to as new noiri sh films or Neo-Noirs.