The society is organized by the process of interdependence among the groups and the institutions. Society is a permanent group and one can be a member throughout the life and society lives for an indefinite period for a never ending period.
As an ongoing system, each society must fulfill certain common needs. These needs are independent of the particular kind of society and are therefore, primary needs. They define the necessary conditions for the existence of any society irrespective of its location and time space.
Those having to do with the individuals in society viewed as physical organisms. The first kind of needs arises from the fact that a society is composed of separate organisms. And it is the way females should perceive them — as a kind of social animal that needs attention and their love.
Women and men complement each other and should understand their differences in order to make use of them in the right way. They should enjoy the process of getting to know their partners, and not feel upset about it. If we consider our problems in relationships from this perspective, everything will be much better in our lives. Essays, words When I was fourteen, my family moved house. Although the new home was much bigger, more convenient and my own room was twice the size of the old one, I was extremely unhappy.
All my friends appeared to be miles away from me and the atmosphere in my new school seemed quite hostile. But when she was discovered she knew no words and made only animal like sounds and her mind was undeveloped. But after some special and careful education and training she became able to learn human behaviour and learn language. Some changes were marked in his behaviour. She was enrolled in a school and became successful in making adjustments with her classmates.
Her case further strengthens the fact that man became a social animal only when he lives in society. All the above case studies prove that man is social by nature and he born with social nature and all his social nature only develops in society and in interaction with his fellow beings. The human infant of the above feral cases had the capability to learn and be human being but failed to develop their human qualities in the absence of society and social contacts.
Hence it shows that man is social by nature. This social nature is not super-imposed on him or added to him rather it is inborn. B Necessity makes Man a Social Animal: Man is a social animal not only by nature but also by necessity. It is said that needs and necessities makes man social. Man has many needs and necessities.
Out of these different needs social, mental and physical needs are very important and needs fulfillment. Many of his needs and necessities will remain unfulfilled without the co-operation of his fellow beings. His psychological safety, social recognition, loves and self-actualization needs only fulfilled only within the course of living in society.
He is totally dependent for his survival upon the existence of society. Human baby is brought up under the care of his parents and family members. He would not survive even a day without the support of society. All his basic needs like food, clothing, shelter, health and education are fulfilled only within the framework of society. He also needs society for his social and mental developments.
His need for self-preservation compels him to live in society. Individual also satisfy his sex needs in a socially accepted way in a society. To fulfill his security concern at the old age individual lives in society.
Similarly helplessness at the time of birth compels him to live in society. A nutrition, shelter, warmth and affection need compels him to live in society. Thus for the satisfaction of human wants man lives in society. Hence it is also true that not only for nature but also for the fulfillment of his needs and necessities man lives in society.
Society not only fulfils his physical needs and determines his social nature but also determines his personality and guides the course of development of human mind. Society moulds our attitudes, beliefs, morals, ideals and thereby moulds individual personality.
A child plays with her doll and imagines herself to be its mother. She was shy of human being and afraid of them. Therefore, it is not due to his nature alone but also due to his necessities that man lives in society. Emile Durkheim maintains that this social mind or the group mind is an entity that is quite distinct from the mind or the mental processes of every individual in it. In spite of several education and training human nature could not develop in him. He needs society as matter of nature, necessity and for his well being.
Society and individuals do not denote separate phenomena but are simply collective and distributive aspects of the same thing. Fear of wild animal makes some seek cooperation of other; the satisfaction of food hunger, rest-hunger etc. He would feel distressed even about his true good looks if he has heard people despising his appearance. All his human qualities such as to think to enquire to learn language, to play and work only developed in human society. Sociologists in general do not find the organismic theory as entirely satisfactory, since a comparison between an organic cell and a human individual is stretched too far.
To fulfill his security concern at the old age individual lives in society. Some of these cases are described below: 1 The case study of Kasper Hauser : The first case study to experiment social nature of man was the case of Kasper Hauser. She was shy of human being and afraid of them. But after some special and careful education and training she became able to learn human behaviour and learn language. Lack of social life could not make him a social being. No human being is known to have normally developed in isolation.
Therefore, the organismic theory is best understood as long as it recognizes the fact of reliance of the individual upon the society, and it would be wrong to stretch the comparison any further than that. It both liberates and limits our- potentialities as individuals and moulds our attitudes, our beliefs, our morals and ideals. We would like rather to concentrate our attention on the causes of the growth of the society and the role of the individual in it.
These cases prove that human being is social by nature. He took birth, grows, live and die in society.
Although the new home was much bigger, more convenient and my own room was twice the size of the old one, I was extremely unhappy. The society is organized by the process of interdependence among the groups and the institutions.
Just as healthy soil determines the healthy growth of a child, appropriate environment is required for completing the process of socialization of a child. Society preserves our culture and transmits it to succeeding generations. Therefore, it is maintained by several thinkers that the individual is a social product. Man learns all his social qualities from the society itself. And it is the way females should perceive them — as a kind of social animal that needs attention and their love. Individuality, in the sociological sense, is less marked in a primitive society than in the more organized and complex ones.
To fulfill his security concern at the old age individual lives in society. A compromise between the wishes of the society and the urge for individuality must be achieved. All his human qualities such as to think to enquire to learn language, to play and work only developed in human society. Hence it shows that man is social by nature. As McIver says, it may be pointless to enter into the controversy as to whether the individual came before the society, or the society came before the individual.
A child plays with her doll and imagines herself to be its mother. Society is indispensable for him. Individual mind or individual self develops through interaction with others. The third example is that of Anna, an illegitimate American child who was kept isolated in a room at the age of six months. McIver contends that the social heritage determines the self of the individual and socialization helps the individual to build up organisations for the purpose of establishing and maintaining relations between themselves. The wolf girls, Amala and Kamala, discovered from wolf den in India in were similarly subnormal.